# computation

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**Indeterminacy in concurrent computation**— is concerned with the effects of indeterminacy in concurrent computation. Computation is an area in which indeterminacy is becoming increasingly important because of the massive increase in concurrency due to networking and the advent of… …62

**Human-based evolutionary computation**— (HBEC) is a set of evolutionary computation techniques that rely on human innovation. Human based evolutionary computation techniques can be classified into three more specific classes analogous to ones in evolutionary computation. There are… …63

**Interval-valued computation**— is a special kind of theoretical models for computation. It is capable of working on “interval valued bytes”: special subsets of the unit interval. If such computers were realized, their computation power would be much greater than that of… …64

**Interactive computation**— involves communication with the external world during the computation. This is in contrast to the traditional understanding of computation which assumes a simple interface between a computing agent and its environment, consisting in asking a… …65

**Interactive evolutionary computation**— (IEC) or Aesthetic Selection is a general term for methods of evolutionary computation that use human evaluation. Usually human evaluation is necessary when the form of fitness function is not known (for example, visual appeal or attractiveness;… …66

**Interdisciplinary Center for Neural Computation**— Infobox University name =The Interdisciplinary Center for Neural Computation native name =המרכז הבינתחומי לחישוביות עצבית established =1992 type =Public endowment = staff = provost = principal = rector = chancellor = vice chancellor = dean =… …67

**Model of computation**— For computer models simulating complex systems, see Computational model. In model driven engineering, the model of computation explains how the behaviour of the whole system is the result of the behaviour of each of its components. In… …68

**Natural computation**— Natural computation, also called natural computing, is the field of research that works with computational techniques inspired in part by nature and natural systems. The aim of such research is to develop new computational tools (in software,… …69

**Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages, and Computation**—   …70

**Chronology of computation of π**— The table below is a brief chronology of computed numerical values of, or bounds on, the mathematical constant pi (π). See the history of numerical approximations of pi for explanations, comments and details concerning some of the calculations… …